What is Storyboarding? Definition, Uses, Advantages, Disadvantages


Storyboarding is the practice of producing a graphic illustration of a story. This can be done using various mediums, but it’s most commonly seen in the form of illustrations or sketches. Storyboarding is often used in the filmmaking and television industries to help plan out shots and sequences. However, they can also be used in other forms of storytelling, such as video games, comics, and even novels.

Storyboarding is very useful for planning out a story or film before production begins and can help visualize what is happening in the story. Storyboarding can also be used to plan out video games, websites, and other interactive media.

After several years of trial and error, the storyboarding process as we know it today was invented at Walt Disney Productions in the early 1930s.

In those days, animators started work on a film by drawing rough sketches to determine key scenes and dialogue. By creating a visual layout of what would eventually become the finished product, they could better plan out the individual shots that would comprise the complete picture.

The storyboarding process has since been adopted by nearly all major film studios, as well as many small production companies and independent filmmakers. The advantages of storyboarding are numerous. Perhaps the most obvious is that it allows filmmakers to plan out their work in advance, which can help them save a great deal of effort and time in the long run. It also enables better team collaboration because everyone can see what needs to be done and who is responsible for what at a glance. Storyboards can also help avoid potential problems down the road, as issues can be spotted and solved before they cause any major delays or damage. 

What is a Storyboard?

A storyboard is a visual organizer consisting of a series of visuals or images exhibited in order to pre-visualize a motion picture, animation, motion graphic, or interactive media sequence. 

Storyboards can be extremely helpful in the creative process, as they allow you to visualize your story before actually starting to create it. This can help you spot plot holes or inconsistencies and make sure that your story flows well.

Over the last 80+ years, the use of storyboards has grown. Following the roots of animation and movie-making, storyboards are used by advertising agencies for commercials, directors for plays, and artists for comics. Storyboards have also found their way into the business world for modeling how customers will interact with new products.

We all need to plan for something, whether it be at work, school, or home. Storyboarding out your desired outcome, even in a very simplified manner, helps you prepare for potential issues, make sure your plan is sound, and/or communicate ideas with others. There are many uses for storyboards in the entertainment industry, the business world, and education.

Elements of a storyboard

The most important element is the image. Storyboards typically consist of images that help to depict the scene or action taking place. Often, these images are drawn by hand, but they can also be created using computer software.

In addition to images, storyboards also often include text. This text can be used to describe the action taking place in the scene, or to provide dialogue. Storyboards may also include notes about camera angles, special effects, and other production details.

The camera’s movement and the placement of objects within objects are important to consider when telling a story. Camera shots can vary from close-ups, wide angles, or zooms to get more details about what is happening within each scene as well as how it feels through lighting schemes that create moods such as anxiety versus loveable goofiness!

A storyboard often has three layers: subject (the central character), background/foreground organizing elements like trees behind them, which give shape to two 2D planes—this creates depth perception while also helping establish location.


The shot is a direct representation of what’s happening in the scene. It has an identifying number, such as “Shot 1” or “Full Scene From Behind the Actor’s Shoulder.”

The term “shot” comes from the verb “shoot,” which means to take pictures with your camera lens; this also applies when we talk about films being made into movies that use angles to tell stories through acting choices rather than dialogue alone.


Imagine you’re watching a movie, and the director tells us how they want it to be shot. Each frame is drawn out in detail, with instructions for what camera moves are needed to capture certain shots. This helps production because we know exactly where everything needs to go, thanks to the camera.


A sequence is a set of pictures that make up one whole film. 


The description should give more context for the artist to work with and may include camera instructions if necessary.


The arrows show the direction in which your camera moves.

The key to using these is that they need to be placed at each endpoint of an arrow, like so: Arrows indicate movement. 

How to create a storyboard

Creating a storyboard is very easy if you have the necessary guidelines. It’s not a difficult task, and it shouldn’t be elaborate.

There are a few different ways to create a storyboard. You can either draw your illustrations or use images that you find online. If you plan on using your storyboard for filmmaking, you may want to create a more detailed storyboard that includes shot descriptions and camera angles. However, if you just want to use it for personal planning, a simple sketch will suffice.

Step 1: You need an outline

The first step in learning how to create a storyboard for your video is to create one that you can use as an outline. You should draw out rectangles on paper, like when drawing comics or making lists; make sure there’s room under each rectangle, so we know what goes where.

Step 2: You will require a script.

The second step is to add the script. Under each rectangle, write a line of dialogue that corresponds with what’s going on in this scene and label it accordingly, so you can remember how much time has passed or where things left off if there are any Spotlight episodes available for viewing later.

Step 3: Create a rough draft of your story.

Sketch out the story. Don’t worry if you’re not an artist  –  simple stick figures will do the trick! You can indicate movement with an arrow, and any drawing is better than no drawing; drawings help too. Sketching your story will make it easier to work with the storyboard.

Step 4: You need notes.

Now that you have the basic outline of your story, it is time to fill in all those pesky gaps. Add notes about each scene, so there are no surprises when editing later on. Think carefully before adding anything since this could change how audiences perceive what they see on-screen. Even if something doesn’t seem significant at first glance, it can become highly memorable if its place in context has been filled out properly with other details given by the actors’ dialogue as well as visual aids such as sound effects or music tracks heard during key moments. Notes are very important.

The use of a storyboard can help you to spot plot holes or inconsistencies and make sure that your story flows well, leading to a great story.

A storyboard can also be a great way to brainstorm ideas, as you can quickly sketch out multiple different options and see which one works best. It gives you the option to play around with it till you get the best pick.

If you plan on using your storyboard for filmmaking, you may want to create a more detailed storyboard that includes shot descriptions and camera angles. However, if you just want to use it for personal planning, a simple sketch will be okay.

The Advantages of Storyboarding

Storyboarding is a tool that can be extremely helpful in the creative process. Storyboards can help you spot plot holes or inconsistencies and make sure that your story flows well. They can also be a great way to brainstorm ideas, as you can quickly sketch out multiple different options and see which one works best.

Storyboards are graphic organizers in the form of illustrations or images displayed in a sequence for pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic, or interactive media sequence. They help filmmakers, video game developers, theatre directors, advertising agencies, and other visualization artists communicate their ideas clearly and effectively.

There are many advantages of storyboarding. Storyboards can help you to:

-Organize your thoughts and get a clear overview of your project.

-It brings your thoughts to life and gives you the magical touch you need for your project.

-Visualize complex sequences and interactions,

-Communicate your ideas more effectively to others; Unlike other tools, the storyboard helps communicate your ideas to your targeted audience with simplicity and clarity. It’s effective for communicating ideas with ease.

-Save time and money by avoiding costly mistakes during production; You don’t want to waste resources, especially your hard-earned money and your precious time. It can be annoying and frustrating. That’s why a storyboard should not only be an option but your preferred choice. You will able to utilize your time and money wisely and prudently with the use of a storyboard.

Storyboards can also be useful tools for learning. By creating a storyboard, users can:

– Develop creative thinking and problem-solving skills:

Storyboards expand your creative thinking capacity while enhancing your problem-solving skills.

– Acquire the ability to work collaboratively:

No man is an island of knowledge. We cannot underestimate the essence of working collaboratively to achieve the our goals. The Storyboard helps to strengthen working collaboratively as an indivisible unit amongst users. It is a great way to make sure everyone involved in the project understands what’s going on. It can change as team members offer feedback and evolve with our needs, but at its core, it serves as an essential tool for keeping track of developments, so there aren’t any surprises down the line!

-Practice planning and organizational skills:

Planning and organizational skills are highly rated skills to learn and master to create a fantastic project, but you don’t have to stress and worry with a storyboard. It helps you gain the required planning and organizational skills you need to get the best project.

-Enhance their understanding of a story or concept

The use of storyboard help to elaborate concepts and improve understanding.

Storyboarding’s Drawbacks

There are a few disadvantages to storyboarding as well. Storyboards can be:

– Time-consuming to create.

– Limited in terms of detail and flexibility

However, storyboarding is a valuable tool that can save filmmakers a lot of time and effort. While it does have its drawbacks, the advantages far outweigh them, making storyboarding an essential part of any film or video production.

Overall, storyboarding can be a helpful tool for planning and developing complex projects. It is important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages before deciding if storyboarding is right for your project. 

At Fresco, we’ll be glad to keep you informed and help foster your decision-making; keep in touch with our next set of articles.

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